When the strategy says to be able to surrender (16 vs. 10), but you can’t regarding whatever reason, then struck. Not allowing entry directly into a game until a new shuffle occurs (no mid-shoe entry). As each credit card is dealt, you may either add 1, take away 1, or do practically nothing based on each card’s value.
This is a lot more impressive when you consider that in 1969, most computers were seriously huge, taking up the better part of a room, and ran on punch cards. Taft’s computer would fit on his body so that it could be concealed when he entered the casino and was operated with his toes. The computer was a failure, but it would serve as a model for later systems which would win Taft and a team of pro players $100, 000. Taft’s inventions were legal at the time, but all are banned in casinos today. Card counting is a casino card game strategy used primarily in the blackjack family of casino games to determine whether the next hand is likely to give a probable advantage to the player or to the dealer. Card counters are a class of advantage players, who attempt to reverse the inherent casino house edge by keeping a running tally of all high and low valued cards seen by the player. Card counting allows players to bet more when the count gives an advantage as well as minimize losses during an unfavorable count.
Card counting also provides the ability to alter playing decisions based on the composition of remaining cards. An initial formula for card counting was developed and tested by Dr . Edward O. Thorp, and is rooted in the advantage gained by the fact that the dealer does not shuffle the cards between hands. The method allows players to keep track of the average contents of the remaining deck as the game progresses, and know when the odds are black jack in the player’s favor. His 1962 book, Beat the Dealer, outlined in detail the strategy that he used to turn a profit at the Blackjack table. You control how much or how little the casino’s edge is against you by your playing and betting skill level. Just by learning the basic playing strategy, which is a set of rules that tell you when to hit, stand, double down, pair split, or surrender, you can reduce the casino’s edge to less than 1%.
Taft entered his first blackjack game on a whim in 1969 and quickly became hooked. He read numerous books on card counting, but could never really master the strategy on his own.
If you are selective and only play blackjack games with the best rules, you can cut the casino’s edge to a half a percent or less. In 1994 Max Rubin published Comp City, a book that was an eye-opener to the blackjack community. Rubin’s argument was a simple one – blackjack players did not have to learn complicated card counting schemes or wear disguises or align with big card counting teams to make a profit at blackjack. Rubin took blackjack players on a trip through the casino’s side of the game and peeked into the ways casinos rate players and how the comp system really works. Casinos in most gaming jurisdictions in the country are free to implement whatever rules they want at their blackjack tables. This includes the number of decks of cards, whether or not the dealer stands or hits on soft 17, whether or not surrender is offered or resplit of aces or multiple pair splits or double down after pair splitting, and so on.
Yes, the casinos can control how much of an edge they want to have in blackjack by picking and choosing the different playing options they allow at their tables. Early counter-strategies featured the dealers learning to count the cards themselves to recognize the patterns in the players. Many casino chains keep databases of players that they consider undesirable. Casinos can also subscribe to databases of advantage players offered by agencies like Griffin Investigations, Biometrica and OSN. Griffin Investigations filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 2005 after losing a libel lawsuit filed by professional gamblers. In 2008 all Chapter 11 payments were said to be up to date and all requirements met, and information was being supplied using data encryption and secure servers.